I once bought a book called On The Shoulders of Giants by Stephan Hawking, a compilation of classical works in physics by the likes of Newton, Copernicus, Einstein, Galilei and Kepler. While I can’t say I have read more than the introduction to each book/essay it did make me fully appreciate how innovation and breakthroughs are incremental and built on the shoulders of giants.

Listed below are the giants in the software development field. I have been trying to climb on their shoulders for the entirety of my career, and it is something I will always do.

The ACM Turing Award, ACM Fellows and IEEE John von Neumann Medal provides a more comprehensive list of the giants of whose work I have not had the pleasure of using directly.